Leather & Care Guide for Designer Finishes.

All leathers behave differently, age differently and require different care. This will vary dependant on the leather's type, the specific nature of the hide used and how they are handled and stored.

Some people like their bags to acquire a vintage look and some don’t, so if you understand how leathers are likely to age and how they should be cared for, then hopefully you will be better able to choose one that suits you and your requirements.

Louis Vuitton Monogram Canvas was created in 1896 is supple and resistant. A timeless and durable finish its easy to care for and very robust. Avoid friction wherever possible, avoid prolonged contact with grease, make up and any material which may transfer their colour pigments (eg magazines, printed papers, etc), avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight and away from direct sources of heat. Protect from humidity and if the finish gets wet, just wipe away with an absorbent cloth. Store, lightly stuffed, (not flat or folded) in dustcover and air regularly)

Louis Vuitton Epi Leather first introduced in 1985 and was created to respond to the demand for more durable leather necessary in modern travel conditions. Epi leather is dyed all the way through and has a grainy texture which can withstand any weather condition. Easily cared for with lanolin leather wipes and gentle occasional dusting.

Louis Vuitton Electric Epi Leather introduced in 2009, the epi is given a patent glaze, producing a glossy and glamerous finish.

Louis Vuitton Monogram Shine Canvas very resistant, the emblamatic canvas is adorned with a high gloss varnish which produces a brilliant shine. In case of superficial marks just wipe away with a clean, soft, dry cloth.

Louis Vuitton Monogram Infrarouge Canvas created for Spring Summer 2015, this canvas is endowed with a sanitized finishing and outstanding resistance. Avoid abrasive and greasy surfaces and in case of superficial marks wipe away with a clean, soft, dry cloth.

Louis Vuitton Malletage Lambskin A delicate hide, soft to the touch and sensitive to scratches and soloing. Avoid abrasive surface and in case of superficial marks just wipe away with a clean, soft, dry cloth.

Louis Vuitton Plexiglass inspired from the Boite Promenade Stellair of Fall Winter 2015, plexiglass is assembled through an innovative technique to recreate the Malletage pattern in a transparent version. To protect this finish, keep it away from grease, avoid friction and sharp objects.

Louis Vuitton Exotic Crocodilians. Selected from the Niloticus and Porosus crododile and the Mississipiensis alligator, natural finishes are applied to deliver flexibility and satiny look. A patina is then applied by hand to bring a vintage finish to the skins. As protected by the Washington Convention, a CITES document should accompany all items created using these precious skins. Particularly sensitive to heat and humidity, (which can irreparably seperate scales from the skins) its recommend to avoid any cleansing products. Gentle, oil free polishes may be used and superficial stains can be wiped away with a clean, soft, dry cloth.

Louis Vuitton Exotic Lizard characterised by their smalls scales and specific grain, these individual qualities are retained and preserved in each hide during the tanning process. Natural finishes are applied to deliver flexibility and satiny look and a patina is then applied, by hand, to bring a vintage finish to the skins. Care instructions are as the same for Crocodilians.

Prada Saffiano - Made by a stamping method, Saffiano, is a calf hide textured leather with a diagonal, cross-hatch pattern, finished with a wax treatment, (ie a treated leather made with the texture pressed on it by a machine. A very scratch resistant, durable and easy to clean finish, the leather is very resistant to stains, scratches and is also water repellent.  Many high-end fashion houses use Saffiano leather for its many positive attributes. The indications in the Saffiano leather were invented by Mario Prada himself.

Wang Dumbo - A deeply textured and pebbled hide similar to Fendi Lambskin but thicker and slightly grainier.

Naplak - a highly textured patent leather, varying depths of wrinklyness but generally supple and cared for as drummed patent.

Mulberry Natural Leather (Natural Vegetable Tanned or NVT) is a classic finish, this leather is produced using a natural vegetable tanning technique, and no finish is applied, keeping the skin entirely untreated, so as pure and as natural looking as possible. The soft leather can vary significantly in its shade and texture but each piece retains an individual grain pattern, making every bag made unique. As this leather ages it acquires a lovely worn-in appearance, softens naturally and gains a vintage patina, especially in the Oak colour finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks and Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance. If the hide gets wet, just remove any residual water immediately, pack loosely with tissue paper (not newspaper!) and allow to dry naturally. Never place Natural Leather in direct sunlight or heat for prolonged periods as it may cause the colour to fade unevenly. Avoid rubbing Natural Leather against coloured/dyed clothing as colour transfer can occur eg: dark coloured dyes from clothing can migrate onto light coloured leathers and vice versa.

Mulberry Coloured Leather (Coloured Vegetable Tanned or CVT) is produced using a vegetable tanning technique to create a coloured finish. The final produce can vary in its shade and texture but each piece retains an individual grain pattern, making every bag made unique. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks and Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance. If the hide gets wet, just remove any residual water immediately, pack loosely with tissue paper (not newspaper!) and allow to dry naturally. Never place Natural Leather in direct sunlight or heat for prolonged periods as it may cause the colour to fade unevenly. Avoid rubbing Natural Leather against coloured/dyed clothing as colour transfer can occur eg: dark coloured dyes from clothing can migrate onto light coloured leathers and vice versa.

Mulberry Darwin Leather is the first edition of Natural leather. A slightly thicker, heavier and grainier leather, its often considered superior to NVT and ages extremely well, being very durable. Sadly no longer produced, it smells absolutely divine, its a leather that is hard to beat for beauty and resilience. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance,

Mulberry Congo is the original large scale printed leather . A quite raised 'mock croc' finish that starts life with a matt shine which eventually develops a wonderfully glossy tone. It's quite a stiff and relatively thin leather, prone to ruffling and discolouration on its raw suede underside, it's very robust and hardwearing and tends to age fabulously. A generally very high quality leather. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Mulberry Printed leather is produced using a natural vegetable tanning technique, then embossed with a distinct print which can be both large and small scale. The pattern can be quite raised but also flat, dependant on batch and the hide tends to be thicker and often softer and more pliable than congo. Printed can be more variable in quality and finish though the soft leather retains the individual grain pattern of the skin, making each bag unique in appearance. Printed Leather feels slightly more structured than Natural Leather due to the printing effect, but as the leather ages it gets a lovely worn-in appeal and softens naturally. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Mulberry Smooth Matte Leather has a specialised finish as the surface is lightly buffed and given an ironed, white-wax coating to create a velvety optic finish. The surface will gradually become even softer with use. Some areas may show gentle surface creasing after a period of time but this is a characteristic of this leather finish and is not a quality fault. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Mulberry Soft Leather is naturally grained, vegetable tanned leather with a butter soft, silky smooth feel. This leather has been specially tanned to provide a durable, water resistant finish. There may be some colour 'rub-off' due to the natural characteristics of the leather, so best avoid rubbing against easily marked or light colour clothing. Collonil Spray is recommended to give some surface protection.

Velvet Leather very similar to smooth leather with a slightly softer, almost suede like finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Ostrich Print Velvet is a high sheen, luxe velvet fabric embossed with ostrich print.

Nappa  ('Soft' & 'Washed') is a buttery soft, lightweight and quite thin but yet strong, Italian leather. Very slouchy and lovely to the touch.

Hampstead, similar to Nappa its natural leather, texture is smooth and extremely supples. A special process is used which brings out the softness and colour. To remove marks and dirt simply wipe with a damp cloth.

Crocodile / Reptile leather has a smaller printed pattern, very flat, matt finish which looks lovely on more compact pieces. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Mississippi leather has a smaller scale mock-croc print and comes in two finishes: (1) a very dry matt and (2) a very shiny finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Imperial/Elliot/Amazon/Karung/Gecko/Nile/Tiber are all now quite rare leathers to find. Can be large or smaller scale croc-print / lizard or reptile print, some having a high shine, though Amazon tends mostly to be matt. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Lagoon a very rare hardwearing and light, textured leather with a quite roundish shaped and varied scaled reptile pattern. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection

Kenya (often called printed vegetable tanned) - a mixed sized scale mock croc/lizard print, matt shine - a very lovely leather. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Wexford is a thick but very supple deer leather with a slightly porours appearance. Durable and easy to care for, Collonil spray will provide protection again water marks.

Scotchgrain  isn't actually leather, but a poly vinyl coated canvas. It combines durability with water resistance and is extremely robust and resilient to everyday wear so can last for many, many years. Owing to this, it is also perfect for travel items, and is used in a variety of luggage, handbags and accessories. Very easy to care for, if the surface gets dirty it can be wiped with a damp cloth and left to dry naturally. Leather trims can be protected with Collonil if desired.

Leopard Printed Scotchgrain. Trimmed by a pale harness like leather, this is a printed version of the above. Can acquire a musty or slight smokey aroma over time if not regularly aired.

Grainy Buffalo leather is deeply grained with a lot of texture variation and a beautiful fibrous appearance which ages fantastically well. Less common to find, this is a superb leather and mustn't be confused with the more recent Soft Buffalo or Glossy Buffalo.  Easy to care for and ages exceptionally well, it gains creasiness and a deeper grain with use and love. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Buffalo and Soft Buffalo leather is naturally strong and durable whilst at the same time remaining soft and flexible. Its refined texture gives it a natural polished effect and the grain is as such that each skin can vary in shading and texture. The leather will soften with age, and will acquire a vintage patina, especially in the Oak colour finish. Care should be taken in selecting this hide as there can be a considerable variation in texure between batches. Some of this leather ages beautifully, others not so well and its very difficult to predict how it will age from new. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Polished Buffalo -This soft leather retains the individual grain pattern of the skin, and is polished to give a unique appearance. This leather is soft and durable and ages naturally. The individual grain pattern of the leather makes each product unique. Collonil Waterstop Spray or Leather Gel is recommended to give added surface protection.

Denim / Washed Denim. Thick cotton canvas denim, often quilted. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against marks.

Canvas is a 100% cotton material, often coated and sometimes trimmed with natural pigskin. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against marks.

Cambridge is again, not a leather but a blend of cotton and canvas with a polyurethane coating. Nice and light, often found on vintage satchels. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection.

Logo is a cotton jacquard weave with a semi-glazed finish.

Flight is a strong lightweight coated nylon fabric generally trimmed with leather

Rio Leather is vegetable tanned, natural product which means you see the individual grain pattern of each skin, similar to NVT. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Light Weight Antiqued leather is a very distinctive Italian leather that has had a light wax applied to give each product a unique look. It ages very naturally, becoming more characterful with use and though the leather does scratch easily these blend with time to give a beautiful, slightly distressed finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection.

Panama is a natural vegetable tanned and drummed leather with a light wax finish. Very pliable and thick it’s exceptionally robust so perfect for travel pieces. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Harness Leather is a very smooth and rigid leather, often used for the piping to trim bags, aswell as some of the very structured vintage styles.

Palmetto reminiscent of fine tree bark, this stiff, strong and very masculine leather is quite a rarity to now find. Robust, structured it does soften with use but will never lose rigidity. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protectionagainst watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Grainy Lambskin is a very soft, tactile leather, prone to rubbing and colour transfer if not regularly protected. Completely heavenly to the touch it has a Fendi-like bubbliness to its texture and is one of those leathers you won't want to stop stroking! Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection.

Saddle is very smooth and thick, rigid leather. Very hardwearing it is prone to scratches which do fade and blend over time. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Sullivan leather is vegetable tanned.  It is a natural material revealing the individual grain pattern of each skin.  This quality renders every product unique. Sullivan ages naturally and becomes more characteristic with each use. Mulberry's advice is to regularly treat your bag with Collonil Waterstop spray, which will help reduce dirt and water marks and assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather.  If the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft dry cloth.

Printed Mini Leopard Nylon has a slick surface appearance with the leopard print design printed on top of the nylon.  The material is water resistant but not waterproof so should not be exposed to prolonged periods of rainfall. Mulberry's advice is to regularly treat the product with the following Collonil care products: Waterstop Spray for added surface protection on leather trim.  If the surface appears dull or marked gently clean with a soft damp cloth.

Metallic Calfskin has a metallic finish, sometimes prone to rubbing. Protect with Collnil spray and always store in dustcover when not in use.

Heavy Grain is a very thick, soft and pliable and wonderfully textured natural leather. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protectionagainst watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Textured Leather /Tumbled leather /Pebbled Leather is natural, dimpled leather has been tumbled and dried to achieve a supple yet durable texture. It will wear beautifully and become more unique with age. Pebbled leather shows individual grain pattern and markings of each skin. It will age naturally and becomes more characteristic with use. Treat the product with Collonil Waterstop spray, which will help reduce dirt and water marks as well as assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather. If the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft, dry cloth.

Refined Grain sometimes confused for goatskin, it’s a quite closely grained and robust leather.

Spazzalato Demi-sheen, similar to a low depth shine patent, prone to creasing. Collonil Lack polish can be used to protect.

Soft Polished is a very smooth, quite rigid leather, (so not really very 'soft' especially when new). Can scratch but also very hardwearing.

Mirrored is a high shine leather with a 'mirrored' foil finish applied. Comes in two tone colours also. Prone to creasing and scratching but very unusual and eye-catching.

Havana is a light, smooth and very supple leather. The surface is very lightly waxed so can show light scratching which does blend well with age and use.

Plonge is a wonderfully soft lambskin leather. Softer than grainy lambskin it has a lovely bubbly texture and can be prone to colour transfer on the lighter leathers. A stunning finish though and worth the extra care.

Crackle (Cracked Metallic) leather is a semi foil finish and is a suede base with a crackled foil finish overlay. Collonil Spray can be lightly applied to protect but cleaning with any product is not recommended.

Metallic Croc Print is now quite rare to come across and is a suede leather overlaid with a croc print metallic foil finish. Wears like suede and extra care is required but exceptionally beautiful.

Soft Nubuck similar to suede but with a much finer texture.

Vinyl is a man-made material, similar in appearance to patent.

Sheepskin often affectionally known as the 'Womble', its like a sheepskin coat with the fluffy seams on the exterior and is super soft and tactile.

Shiny Leather in oak or peony pink leopard print has a low sheen and crackly glaze

Giant Croc Print is a demi sheen leather with large scale printed finish, similar to PVT.

Glove Leather is a buttery soft Italian leather, often with a very lovely grain. Quite thick, nicely pliable, looks fabulous is pastel shades. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Metallic glove is the same as glove but with a metallic foil surface finish. Can be prone to loss of finish though often adds to its charm. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Antique darwin  is hand finished darwin leather which is slightly distressed to create an antique effect. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection against watermarks & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance

Antique glace A fabulous vegetable tanned cow hide, similar to darwin, which is polished and given a glazed effect by applying extreme heat to the leather with hot metal plates. Gives a wonderfully, high sheen, crackled finish, slightly reminiscent of boiled sweets. Can be heavy but beauty compensates for bulk and is exceptionally suited to the great British weather! Not too much leather care required, just the occasional buff with a soft cloth helps to keep the leather clean and supple. Collonil Spray can help protect against UV fading and colour transfer for the lighter coloured leathers.

Suede has a super-soft and glove like feel with usually a very strong depth of colour. A velvet-like surface, created by double buffing and brushing the leather skin. Suede is soft and supple, and becomes more tactile with age and use. As with any suede product the leather can be prone to flattening, wearing and shine but a good Suede Protector over Collonil Waterstop is the best approach for retaining a smooth and clean finish.

Croc Suede Print has a soft printed surface created by double buffing and brushing the leather and embossing the croc-effect finish. Suede naturally softens with age and use, and the print may fade in areas prone to wear such as corners, flaps and the base. Collonil Waterstop Spray is highly recommended to provide protection against watermarks.

Goatskin ('Soft'  'Glazed'  'Polished' & 'Glossy') a very high quality and evenly (fine) grained leather. Relatively light, it’s highly durable and exceptionally beautiful. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Hand Boarded Goat is a refined leather: the tanned leather is polished and hand boarded to create a sparkling diamond finish. Owing to the delicate facade, care should be taken to avoid prolonged friction against rough surfaces. The finish will soften and relax gradually with age and use; acquiring a supple, vintage look. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection and Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Printed Goat - A natural looking vegetable tanned goat leather with a crisscross effect print. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Textured Goat -A high quality goat leather has been given a special finish for a light shine. The grain is natural, so each skin will vary. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Pebbled Lamb - A lambskin tanned in a way to give the leather's grain a shrunken 'pebbled' appearance. The grain is natural so each skin will vary. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Ayers Snakeskin -A natural ayers snakeskin that has been printed with python markings.

Buffalo Shine's grain characteristics are pronounced as the leather is allowed to dry naturally, producing an uneven, shrunken effect. It is then brushed and polished to create a gloss finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give some surface protection & Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Ostrich leather is a delicate luxe leather tanned to give a natural texture, soft finish and depth of colour. The leather tends to vary in appearance as ostrich features are not naturally spaced and the quill effect is unique on each skin used. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Chameleon Ostrich is a delicate, luxe leather tanned to give a natural texture, soft finish and depth of colour. The leather tends to vary in appearance as ostrich features are not naturally spaced and the quill effect is unique on each skin used. A metallic sprayed finish gives the distinctive multi-colour effect. Over time the finish may fade in areas prone to use, such as handles and the bag’s base. Collonil Lack Polish is recommended to enhance surface shine if it becomes dull.

Cotton Tweed is a unique fabric consisting of an artisan jacquard design on twisted and weaved yarn. Owing to the nature of this fabric the surface can pick up dirt, so care should be taken to avoid rough or unclean surfaces and should be treated mindfully with any cleaning products. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Creased Patent The surface of this leather has an applied patent effect which is then lightly tumbled to create a smooth grain finish. Owing to this treatment process, the creases may become more prominent depending on the extent of continued use, and areas prone to wear such as handles and corners will soften and smooth out. Collonil Lack Polish is recommended to enhance surface shine if it becomes dull.

Croc Nappa is a naturally full-grain leather with a heavily embossed croc-print surface finish. Nappa leather is pure, soft and supple. The leather will become soft and supple with age and use, and the print may smooth out in areas prone to wear such as handles, corner and base. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Silky Nappa - This is a soft fine grain calf leather with a smooth finish and luxurious feel. The soft leather retains the fine individual grain pattern of the skin, making each product unique. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Drummed patent.  A supple and soft patent with a distinctive look and texture due to the unique finishing processes that it undergoes. The leather is drummed which enables all of its natural markings to emerge and during normal wear the natural patent finish will gradually relax and creases may occur in areas prone to more use, such as external flaps, straps and handles.  The leather does show some natural markings, and will become more characteristic with use. Regularly treat the product with the Collonil Lack Polish.  If the surface appears dull, buff lightly with a soft, dry cloth.

Light Patent is a natural skin with grain variation is given a clear patent gloss to show the natural grain detailing underneath. Due to the natural tanning process and patent finish, colour shading may change and darken through normal wear and creasing may occur on areas prone to wear through use. Collonil Lack Polish is recommended to enhance surface shine if it becomes dull.

Patent Leather. Functional as well as fashionable, a luxurious patent leather made up of polished layers of lacquer, carefully applied to give it that characteristic high liquid-gloss, smooth finish. If the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft, damp cloth. Never place in direct heat or direct sunlight for prolonged periods as this may cause the colour to fade unevenly.

High Pebbled Matte has a handmade texture and goes through a special process to obtain the distinct characteristic of the surface grain. Care should be taken not to cause unnecessary scratches which will alter the pure grain texture and surface appearance. The leather will also relax and soften nicely with age and wear. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

High Pebbled Patent leather has a full grain and is drummed to give a natural, supple texture, which is then given a patent finish. The leather will relax and soften with age and wear, and may be more pronounced in areas prone to use such as handles and the bag’s base. Collonil Lack Polish is recommended to enhance surface shine if it becomes dull. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Large Grain Nappa is a lambskin leather with shrunken grain detailing, reflecting the unique pattern variation across the skins. Lambskin will gradually darken, soften and wear with age and use, due to the natural tannings. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Large Silky Snake This is a cow/calf leather with a distinctive look and texture due to its unique finishing processes. The print is embossed with a cut-out scale effect, which will relax and define through age and use. External flaps, base corners and handles may show surface wear to the texture and pattern and scales may lift with use, which is a characteristic of the material type. Treat with Collonil Waterstop Spray, which will help reduce dirt and water marks and assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather.

Silky Snake is individually hand carved to create an intricate snake / Anaconda effect. This amazingly tactile leather is very distinctive and the texture will relax and define over time. External flaps, base corners and handles may show surface wear to the texture and pattern and scales may lift with use, which is a characteristic of the material type. Treat with Collonil Waterstop Spray, which will help reduce dirt and water marks and assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather.

Maxi Grain Metallic is a heavily grained leather and has been printed with a metallic, laminated finish. This finish is delicate and may fade with age and use. Colour transfer may also occur so please be careful when wearing with lightly coloured clothing. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection. Collonil Lack Polish is recommended to enhance surface shine if it becomes dull.

Maxi Grain Nubuck leather has a full grain finish which has been naturally shrunken and buffed to give a nubuck surface effect, which can be very delicate. Care should be taken not to cause unnecessary scratches which will alter the surface appearance. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Haircalf (inc Quilted / Astracan/Astrakhan) is a sumptuous and delicate leather of the finest quality, producing a super soft, luxury texture.  Please be mindful that due to the delicate nature of the leather, over time and with use the hair will naturally change and shedding may occur. On areas prone to wear, such as handles and straps, hair should be expected to wear away first. This is a characteristic of the delicate leather type and is not a quality fault. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Sparkle Tweed leather has been carefully selected and finished to highlight the unique characteristics of the leather type and metallic finish. The leather ages beautifully and in time will acquire a vintage look. Owing to the delicate nature, over time the ‘sparkle’ finish may fade in areas prone to more use such as handles, straps and corners. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Quilted Nappa is of the highest quality. It has a smooth yet full grain finish which can be very delicate, as the base leather is untreated and natural, with a quilted design printed in to the surface. Care should be taken not to cause unnecessary scratches which will alter the surface appearance. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Shiny Grain leather is selected for its natural characteristics and strength. The embossed printed grain surface gives a robust finish that can cope with consistent and prolonged use so perfect for day to day wear. Areas prone to wear such as the handles, corners and base will soften with use. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Soft Matte is soft, durable and has a luxurious matte finish. The leather will wear well although scratches are to be expected. Soft Matte will age naturally and becomes more characteristic with use. Regularly treat the product with Collonil Waterstop Spray, which will help reduce dirt and water marks as well as assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather. If the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft, dry cloth.

Soft Spongy leather is versatile and wearable, thanks to a lightweight, tactile finish. It is produced by undergoing a special process giving it a gentle dimpled effect whilst maintaining its lightweight, supple nature. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Spongy patent leather is extremely functional as well as beautiful. Made up of polished layers of lacquer, carefully applied to give it that characteristic glossiness, it has a high-shine, smooth, patent finish so if the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft, damp cloth. Never place in direct heat or direct sunlight for prolonged periods as this may cause the color to fade unevenly.

Spongy Pebbled has undergone a special process which gives it a gentle dimpled effect while maintaining its lightweight nature which makes it a joy to use due to its light, soft and spongy texture. Collonil Waterstop Gel, which will help reduce dirt and water marks as well as assist in preserving the natural characteristics of this unique leather. If the surface appears dull, rub lightly with a soft, dry cloth.

Two Toned Lambskin (and Metallic) is hand finished and has a naturally wrinkled appearance with an uneven grain appearance. Care should be taken to avoid strong and prolonged exposure to the sun, as the delicate, natural surface shading will fade more prominently if exposed to direct sunlight for any length of time. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Corduroy Shearling A refined corduroy design, backed with soft shearling lining. This finish can pick up dust and dirt, which can be brushed away gently with a soft hair brush. Avoid crumpling as the cord can take a while to reshape after compressing. Collonil Waterstop Spray can help protect against general staining and UV fade.

Grainy Patent  sourced from Western European, made from cow skins tanned in Italy. Given a washed effect with a high gloss, wrinkled patent finish, due to the nature of the leather, care should be taken not to allow the leather to come into contact with rough or abrasive surfaces to prevent damage to the finish. Special care should be taken with light coloured leathers to avoid contact with dark denim clothing as some colour transfer may occur. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Grainy Print This is a smooth and soft leather with an embossed grain appearance. The leather is lightly finished to enhance the grain and improve surface protection. The leather will relax and soften with age and use, enhancing the natural characteristics of the material. Due to the light finish, rainfall may mark the surface. If the leather becomes damp, wipe the surface with a clean dry cloth as soon as possible and allow to dry naturally. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Diamond Sparkle metallic foil textured. Care should be taken to avoid snagging or scrapes, as the foil surface will scratch. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection. Collonil Gel can be used to enhance surface and colour appearance.

Silky Classic Calf - This is a refined calf leather with a fine smooth grain. The leather is pressed with a smooth plate to give a soft smooth grain before being treated with a light silky finish. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Classic Calf A refined leather with a fine smooth grain. The leather is pressed with a smooth plate to give a soft smooth grain. Avoid rubbing the leather against rough or abrasive surfaces which may damage the grain surface. Colour transfer from dark clothing should also be prevented by the application of Collonil leather gel.

Polished Calf A very smooth leather with a lightly finished grain which has been polished to produce a sheen. Can scratch and see 'idents' quite easily but very hardwaring. Collonil Waterstop is recommend for surface protection.

Hand Rolled  is a heavy natural veg tanned leather which has been rolled to produce a creased grain effect. This gives the leather an individual appearance with subtle variations in grain size. Avoid rubbing the leather against rough or abrasive surfaces which may damage the grain surface. Colour transfer from dark clothing should also be prevented by the application of Collonil leather gel.

Soft Croc Print  is a printed leather with a natural grain appearance. The leather has a light finish applied to colour and protect the surface. Avoid rubbing the leather against rough or abrasive surfaces which may damage the grain surface. Colour transfer from dark clothing should also be prevented by the application of Collonil leather gel.

Sparkle Croc Print  is made from a bespoke leather, created with an embossed crocodile print which has been hand carved to create the scale texture. This can be one of the more delicate finishes as the metallic sheen may rub so car should be taken to avoid friction. Collonil Waterstop spray is recommended to protect.

Ombre Leather is beautifully grained with a dip dye graduated effect, soft texture and very good water resistance. Highly desirable and now rare to find, protect with Collonil Waterstop and avoid placing the bag on rough or sharp surfaces.

Patent Ombre Leather is a double aspect Italian leather, treated to reveal two different textures. The background remains matte and velour like in texture which blends into a handmade patent strip to add sheen and smoothness. These bags are trimmed with patent leather. Treat wil Collonil Waterstop and avoid undue friction.

Shrunken Calf - This leather has a natural shrunken grain and a very natural finish. It shows the individual grain pattern of each skin, making each product unique. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Micrograin Calf  -A soft and supple leather with a natural grain, As the leather is used the grains characteristics will be further enhanced. Its been given a light finish to enhace the colour and give a slight protective coating. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Grainy Calf  -This is a very soft and supple leather with a printed shrunken grain effect.The leather ages naturally and takes on unique characteristics with use. Collonil Waterstop Spray or Leather Gel is recommended to give added surface protection.

Glossy Goat - This is a smooth and soft goat skin leather with an embossed grain appearance. The leather is lightly finished to enhance the grain and improve surface protection. The leather will relax and soften with age and use, enhancing the natural characteristics of the skin. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Metallic Goat - a more delicate goatskin, its dyed and a metallic foil applied to create a luxe metallic finish. The leather is then washed, giving it an antiqued appearnce. Over time the foil will burnish and wear, which should be seen as a unique characteristic if this luxurious leather type. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture

Shiny Goat - This is a high shine goat leather with a cross grain pattern and a luxurious smooth and glossy finish. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Sleek Calf - A natural vegetable tanned leather has a smooth flat grain and a minimal amount of finishing, making it especially beautiful, yet delicate and tactile. Colonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Flat Calf - This soft flat calf leather has undergone special treatment to keep the flat grain surface especially smooth. The leather has had a smooth finish coating applied to protect the grain and increase durability. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Textured Lizard Print  To follow. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Soft Small Grain - This soft bovine leather has a fine grain effect. The leather is lightly finished to protect the grain surface but will retain natural characteristics as it ages, making each product unique. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture

Small Classic Grain - A soft cow leather with a small printed grain effect. The leather is lightly finished to protect the grain surface. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Metallic Silky Snake - A printed leather with a metallic finish. The surface is embossed with a print and then each scale is hand cut to produce a realistic snakeskin texture. The leather is then lightly coated to add a metallic colour. This coating may peel or lift with age and use, specifically on corners, handles, etc which is a completely natural characteristic of this finish. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Large Metallic Snake Print - A delicate and bespoke finish, the leather has an embossed anaconda print which is then hand-cut to produce the unque scale texture. An iridescent metallic foil is then applied to the surface. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Fur Print -A printed leather  The surface is embossed with a print  to produce a realistic fur texture. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection

Metallic Fur Print Mix - A bespoke finish. Very soft, luxurious suede on which a metallic fur printed foil is overlaid. Can be prone to rubbing so additional care is recommend to avoid rough surfaces or friction. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection.

Soft Tan - A soft and natural Italian leather with a smooth and tactile finish. A light coating is applied to the surface to enhance the grain, which can scratch if it comes into contact with rough or abrasive surfaces. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection and the Gel can be used to enhance the finish, as and when desired

Lamb Nappa - A very smooth and finely grained lamb napa with a silky feel. The surface is treated with a light protective finish. A hide that will scratch if it comes into contact with rough or abrasive surfaces. Collonil Waterstop Spray is recommended to give added surface protection and the Gel can be used to enhance the finish, as and when desired.

Deep Embossed Croc Print - A natural looking vegetable tanned leather with a deep croc emboss which is cut to give a scale-like texture. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Crossboarded Calf - This semi shiny leather has been printed to give a beautiful and delicate hand rolled effect. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Polished Embossed Croc - This embossed cow leather has been cut to give a scale-like texture and has been finished with a high shine polish. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Curly Shearling Tartan - Shearling is a wool on lambskin with a silk soft fur texture fashioned into a tartan pattern. Over time the texture of the wool may change with use. This should be seen as a natural characteristic of the material, and not a defect.

Python - This tumbled Python skin has a matt, brushed finish and  is responsibly sourced and monitored under global CITES legislation. This soft to touch, delicate luxurious material is gently coloured to maintain the natural grain. If using the recommended Collonil Leather Gel, care must be taken applying the gel in the correct direction, as not to lift the scales unnecessarily. Collonil Leather Gel is a solvent-free gentle gel to improve the water resistance of certain leathers. It can help leather to resist dirt and moisture.

Hermes Etoile, Toile Leather
If you’re seeking a bag that is different from the rest appearance wise, then Etoile, Toile Leather is a great choice. Specifically, Etoile, Toile Leather is used a complementing material to leather in some handbags. It is made of linen, thus giving it its linen/canvas appearance. An added bonus, the linen is very strong which means it can last for several years without flaws though this type of material may stain easily.

Benefits of Etoile, Toile Leather:
-Distinct outer exterior.
-Incredibly strong and durable material that can withstand the elements.

Hermes Clemence Leather
A popular leather which has been around since the 1980’s. The grain type is bigger and flatter than other leathers (such as grainy Togo), which may result in cracking around the edges of the bag, although this can easily be refurbished. Made from baby bull, ‘veau taurillon clemence’, or just simply ‘clemence’, its a durable and heavy material which gives it its slouchiness. A negative is that water can produce unsightly blisters on the bag, so being careful around rain and other water is a must.

Tips for handling Clemence leather:
-Be careful around water, as water can cause water blisters that are almost impossible to remove. Always wipe down immediately after contact with water.
-If the heavy yet durable leather starts cracking around the edges, get it refurbished.

Hermes Togo Leather
Togo leather is almost entirely scratch resistant and can be refurbished if veining starts to appear. Made from a baby calf (also known as a veau), its a beautiful but substantial leather that appears to be raised, yet has a smooth and fine texture. Benefits of Togo leather:
-Almost completely resilient to scratching.
-Easy to clean and can be refurbished incredibly quickly.
-Has a raised grainy appearance, yet is very smooth to touch.
-The grain is finer than Clemence

Hermes Box Calf Leather
The oldest type of leather used in Hermes bags, box calf leather (or veau leather) has an incredibly smooth finish that offers a glossy and sophisticated finish. Blemishes,  scratches and water marks are easily noticeable, but after time they blend into the bag and create a mirror-like texture

Tips for handling box calf leather:
-Be careful when handling this bag in rainy weather, as water marks will undoubtedly stain the bag.
-If you end up with scratches or other blemishes, try lightly buffing the bag to blend.

Hermes Epsom Leather
Unlike other leather, Epsom leather is an embossed leather, which means that the pattern pressed into the leather is not the actual; grain, giving the bag a laminated appearance that is rigid and structured. This compressed type of leather holds true to its shape in all instances and is completely resilient to scratches. With the ‘laminated’ exterior, cleaning an Epsom leather bag is as simple as wiping it with a damp towel, making it a very simple and handy type of lightweight leather.

Benefits of Epsom Leather
-Completely resilient to scratches.
-Incredibly easy to clean, grime wipes off.
-Lightweight and easy to handle.

Hermes Canvas
Canvas differs from other leathers immensely. In fact, Canvas isn’t even a true leather; it’s actually an incredibly sturdy and durable cloth. However, in the world of Hermes fashion, canvas is treated and combined with several other leathers to create a strong exterior that can withstand just about anything. You’ll find canvas on many of their bags, one of the most popular being the Hermes Herbag which is made up almost entirely of Canvas material.

Benefits of Hermes Canvas:
-Incredibly durable, making it a long-lasting bag that can withstand the elements.
-Typically easy to clean. Most spills and marks can be removed at home.

Hermes Fjord Leather
With a much wider and flatter grain from other types of leather (like Clemence), Fjord (A Vache or adult cow leather) is a matte-like leather made from adult cow hide. It has a very soft texture and its rather heavy exterior is completely water resistant- which means you don’t have to worry about dealing with unsightly water marks

Benefits of Fjord leather:
-Completely water resistant.
-Gorgeous flat grain that has a matte-like appearance and texture, soft to touch.

Hermes Chevre de Coromandel Leather
If you’re worried about scratches and other flaws, Chevre de Coromandel is an excellent option. This type of goatskin leather is extremely resilient and strong, while also being a lightweight leather that can be carried around with ease.

Benefits of Chevre de Coromandel Leather:
-Completely scratch resistant.
-A very soft-to-touch type of leather.
-Lightweight and easy to carry around.
-Typically a long-lasting leather that can withstand the elements

Hermes Gulliver Leather and Swift Leather
Gulliver Leather, which was discontinued in the year 1999, was reintroduced in 2005 to what we all know as Swift Leather. This type of leather has a fine grain with a luminosity that seems to shimmer in the sunlight. Swift Leather has the ability to reflect light while also being a superior dye absorbent, making colours appear brighter and more vibrant. Although this type of leather may be scratched easily, small scratches can be whisked away easily.

Benefits of Gulliver/Swift Leather:
-Enhanced luminosity, making colours appear brighter and more radiant.
-Glistens against the sunlight.
-Is very soft to touch, which makes scratching easier (but minor scratching can be rubbed off).

Hermes Chevre Mysore Leather
Following in the footsteps of the Chevre de Coromandel, Chevre Mysore is made from goatskin and is completely resistant to scratching. However, Chevre Mysore has a more refined grain than its sister leather Chevre de Coromandel, thus making the grain more visible.

Benefits of the Chevre Mysore Leather:
-Completely resistant to scratching!
-Very lightweight and easy to handle.
-More visible grain

Hermes Crocodylus Niloticus Shiney Leather
This fine leather comes all the way from Africa’s Nile River region located in Zimbabwe. Derived from the Nile Crocodile, this leather comes with a very large scale pattern. Compared to other leathers, the Crocodylus Niloticus in not only larger in scale size, but is also glossier and shiny thanks to the continuous buffing- thus giving it the ‘shiny leather’ name. You can easily note when a Hermes bag is made with this type of leather as you’ll see two apostrophes located within the bag.

Benefits of Crocodylus Niloticus:
-Extremely shiny and glossier than other leathers.
-Has large, very visible scales and though care must be taken when rain, its very resilient.

Hermes Crocodylus Niloticus Matte Leather
Much like its sister leather Crocodylus Niloticus Shiny Leather, this particular leather comes directly out of Africa’s Nile River in the region of Zimbabwe. However, although they are derived from the same type of crocodile, Crocodylus Niloticus Matte Leather is not given hours of continuous buffing. Instead it is left with a matte finish, giving it a more distinct pattern. This leather also has the larger scales that are highly sought after in the fashion industry. You can also decide whether or not your Hermes bag is made with this type of leather by finding the two apostrophes signs somewhere on the purse. This leather must not get wet, care must be taken in rain. Stain or wet can create a permanent damage.

Hermes Crocodylus Porosus Leather
Another popular leather from crocodile, the sensational Crocodylus Porosus Leather is a stunning and vibrant leather that shines for miles. It’s dazzle, much like the Crocodylus Niloticus Shiny, is brought on by hours of continuous buffering. However, unlike its cousin Crocodylus leathers, this particular crocodile leather is farmed in the area of Australia and Southeast Asian, one of the most common locations being Singapore. To decide whether or not your Hermes bag is made with Crocodylus Porosus Leather, search for the ^ symbol. Care must be taken to avoid getting wet or rain.

Hermes Ostrich Leather
Ostrich leather as very significant characteristics that make it stand out from other leathers and darkens when it comes into contact with skin, yet will become lighter when it is exposed to light- whether it’s sunlight or a lamp. Only a cloth is needed to wiped down the rain, if you care and maintain enough, it can last for years.

Hermes Veau Grain Lisse Leather
Veau Grain Lisse, or simply known as ‘VGL’ Leather, is very similar to the Epsom. In fact, many believe the Epsom replaced this leather when VGL was discontinued in 2002-2003. However, many bags are still circulating with Veau Grain Lisse. Its a very lightweight leather with obvious grains, although the grains are less angular than those found in the Epsom. It is another type of popular embossed leather, which means it is completely scratch resistant and easy to clean.

Benefits of Veau Grain Lisse or VGL:
-Scratch resistant.
-Easy to clean thanks to the embossed leather.
-Visible grains.

Hermes Veau Tadelakt Leather
If you were just to take a glance at Veau Tadelakt Leather, you might assume it’s Box Calf. In fact, Veau Tadelakt and Box Calf leather share a lot of the same qualities and features, but the exterior of Veau Tadelakt is much softer than Box Calf. It also has no visible grains on the outside, which gives it its utterly smooth appearance.

Benefits of Veau Tadelakt Leather:
-No visible grains which makes for a very smooth exterior.
-Extremely soft exterior.

Hermes Barenia Natural Leather
Originally used for Hermes saddles, this high quality calf leather is undoubtedly one of the best. It has an impeccably smooth exterior with just the right amount of gloss to make it dazzle and shine. It’s typically mixed in with white top stitch, which only adds to its great appearance and durability. But besides its flawless exterior, this handy bag is also completely scratch resistant thanks to the oil absorbing material, and also works wonders during the rainy seasons as it is resistant to water. This type of leather does, however, develop patina over a series of time.

Benefits of Barenia Natural Leather:
-Stunning exterior that is smooth and glossy.
-Very durable material that is resistant to scratches. A few swipes with finger can remove the scratches.
-Also resistant to water, so no worry of water marks.

Hermes Evergrain Leather
This beautiful leather is known as the embossed version of the ever-popular Evercalf leather. However, unlike other embossed leathers that can feel rough or stiff, Evergrain Leather has a softer feel that many women are drawn to. However, one flaw about this soft leather is that it is prone to scratching thanks to its incredibly fine grain. Small scratches can easily be removed by rubbing of the fingers, while larger scratches may have to be buffed out by a professional.

Benefits of Evergrain Leather:
-Very fine grain that is soft to touch.
-Small scratches are easily removable.

Hermes Negonda Leather
Neogonda Leather can easily be described as being ‘overly matte’ or feeling rather dry to touch, but that certainly works in this leathers favour, seeing as how it is only used in Garden Party bags. The specific reason for this? This matte type of leather is completely resistant to water. It could stand in pouring rain all day, become completely drenched, and still hold up without problem. Designed in 2007 specifically for the Garden Party Collection, it differs from other Garden Party leathers thanks to its unique colours.

Hermes Veau Sikkim Leather
Veau Sikkim Leather is undoubtedly one of the softest leathers on the market, and gives handbags more of a slouched appearance. It is so amazingly soft that many say that Veau Sikkim Leather resembles Box Calf leather, although the Veau Sikkim has little to no grain, thus giving it its ultra soft feel. It is also a lot less stiff than its sister leather the Box Calf.

Benefits of Veau Sikkim Leather:
-Ultra smooth.
-Gives bags a slouched look.

Hermes Lizard
While crocodile and alligator are the most popular forms of exotic skin used by Hermes, they also use a select number of different skins as well, such as lizard. With Hermes seldom using this skin for new products, this is certainly a rare skin and thus it is fantastic to invest in one. This skin is identifiable by a ‘-’ sign next to the Hermes logo, while it also has small scales that provides a noticeably glossy finish. As one of Hermes’ most delicate skins, it requires a lot of special attention to avoid drying and peeling, thus it must be kept at a comfortable temperature. Due to the size of the African monitor lizards that Hermes use for the pieces, lizard skin is generally used for smaller handbags and accessories.

Hermes Alligator
Another luxury skin that Hermes uses is alligator. Not to be confused with crocodile, alligator tends to be sourced from Florida in the United States and its scales tend to be more patterned than crocodile. Other aspects of indication include a square symbol near the embossed Hermes logo and a prominent umbilical scar to portray authenticity. Alligator pieces also come in both matt and shiny (lisse) varieties.